Dodson also announced a four-year plan to put Glasgow and Edinburgh among the best teams in Europe.
The plan was unveiled by the SRU as Dodson addressed Saturday's AGM for the first time.
Scotland lost every game of this year's Six Nations but turned the tables with a 100% record in their summer tour with victories over Australia, Samoa and Fiji.
Dodson said: "The goals we've set reflect our ambition for the game in Scotland.
"With unity, and support from the whole nation, there is no reason we can't achieve those goals.
"We are making real progress in revitalising the game of rugby in Scotland."
Edinburgh reached the Heineken Cup semi-finals while Glasgow made the RaboDirect Pro12 play-offs and Dodson believes the performances of the two clubs are key to the Scottish game's future.
"Since I joined Scottish Rugby I've said I want to place much greater focus on making the pro clubs as successful as we can," he said.
"By better aligning our professional sides with clubs sides around the country we will be able to support and nurture the grassroots and the top tier of the game.
"I firmly believe that by doing that, we will create a virtuous circle, which benefits every club and player in the country.
"We want to capitalise on the good seasons enjoyed at the Warriors and Edinburgh Rugby and challenge them to go even further in this coming season.
"More successful pro clubs means more interest in the sport and more money coming into the game. That filters back down to the clubs and schools at the grassroots.
"They can then encourage and nurture the next generation of talent, the next generation who aspire to lead out their team or even the national side to success."
Dodson reported a surplus of £1.6million with turnover increasing by £3.1million.
Additional hospitality, event and income from the professional clubs along with World Cup money contributed to this and offset lower revenues from ticketing and broadcasting in a season in which Scotland had two home Six Nations games.
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