The 30-year-old Saracens back-row forward succeeds Edinburgh hooker Ross Ford as skipper and will lead the team out on the occasion of his 50th cap against the world champions on November 11.
Brown was in line for the role before a broken ankle forced him to miss this year's ill-fated RBS 6 Nations and the successful summer tour to Australia, Fiji and Samoa as Ford led the side throughout.
Now the former Glasgow Warriors player, who can play number eight or blindside flanker, will become Scotland's fifth captain in two years.
Robinson said: "Kelly Brown is an inspirational person. He has an aura, confidence and belief about him and a firm understanding of the game.
"He has been a very consistent performer for Scotland. It's because of these qualities that he has been appointed Scotland captain."
Gilbert has released a new line of rugby cleats. The Gilbert Virtuo 8S is part of the exciting new product. Check it out.
The entire All Blacks apparel line has been updated for 2013/14. Check out the New Zealand All Blacks polo.
The Nike Tiempo is a solid rugby cleat and one of few styles still made from full-grain natural leather.
The Gilbert Blitz 8S rugby cleat is a great cleat at a great price of $69.99. Get a new pair of cleats today.
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Wear the crest of the British and Irish Lions on your t-shirt. A great look for the summer.
The All Blacks Performance t-shirt is black with hints of blue from the training jersey. Very Cool.
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The USA Rugby Pro Alternate rugby jersey is perfect for any fan of the Eagles. Get yours to wear during the summer Test matches.
The NEW All Blacks 2013/14 jersey has arrived at World Rugby Shop. Dare to wear the colors of the All Blacks.