After missing last week's Test against Fiji, Carter replaces Colin Slade in the line-up and will need just two points in the Tri-Nations game on Saturday to overhaul Wilkinson's mark of 1,195 points.
Elsewhere, Jerome Kaino comes in at blindside flanker and Cory Jane will play on the wing, while Sam Whitelock also returns.
Sonny Bill Williams could make his home Test debut after being named on the bench in place of Ben Smith.
Coach Graham Henry expects a Springboks backlash after they lost their Tri-Nations opener against Australia 39-20.
"They are a proud rugby nation and won't want a repeat performance so we will have to be ready for that challenge," Henry told www.allblacks.com.
"But we have had a good build-up this week and have picked a team we know that will be up for that challenge."
Team: Mils Muliaina; Cory Jane, Conrad Smith, Ma'a Nonu, Zac Guildford; Dan Carter, Jimmy Cowan; Wyatt Crockett, Andrew Hore, Ben Franks, Sam Whitelock, Ali Williams, Jerome Kaino, Richie McCaw (capt), Adam Thomson.
Reserves: Corey Flynn, John Afoa, Jarrad Hoeata, Liam Messam, Piri Weepu, Colin Slade, Sonny Bill Williams.
Gilbert has released a new line of rugby cleats. The Gilbert Virtuo 8S is part of the exciting new product. Check it out.
The entire All Blacks apparel line has been updated for 2013/14. Check out the New Zealand All Blacks polo.
The Nike Tiempo is a solid rugby cleat and one of few styles still made from full-grain natural leather.
The Gilbert Blitz 8S rugby cleat is a great cleat at a great price of $69.99. Get a new pair of cleats today.
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Wear the crest of the British and Irish Lions on your t-shirt. A great look for the summer.
The All Blacks Performance t-shirt is black with hints of blue from the training jersey. Very Cool.
The New Zealand All Blacks training jersey for 2013/14. Get in the Gear!
The USA Rugby Pro Alternate rugby jersey is perfect for any fan of the Eagles. Get yours to wear during the summer Test matches.
The NEW All Blacks 2013/14 jersey has arrived at World Rugby Shop. Dare to wear the colors of the All Blacks.