The 26-year-old was on Tuesday named as skipper for England's internationals against Fiji, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand.
The Harlequins flanker, who led England during last season's Six Nations and for the first two Tests of their summer tour to South Africa, was selected for the role ahead of Northampton hooker Dylan Hartley.
Hartley led England in their final Test in South Africa in Robshaw's absence but is currently struggling with a knee injury and is a doubt for the opening clash with Fiji a week on Saturday.
England head coach Stuart Lancaster said: "Chris has been outstanding on and off the field and we are delighted that he will captain the team for what will be an immense challenge in the QBE internationals.
"We have a strong leadership group in this squad and I know that Chris will be well supported by them in the weeks ahead.
"It was important to wait until after last weekend's Aviva Premiership matches to check on everyone's form and fitness and not interrupt the players' preparations.
"I have had the chance now to have a one-to-one catch-up with each player and we are really pleased to announce Chris as captain."
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